The fourth All Kerala Political Conference was held at Payyannur under the auspices of the Kerala Provincial Congress. This conference was presided over by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. The Payyannur Conference passed a resolution requesting the Indian National Congress to adopt ‘Complete Independence’ instead of “Swaraj” as its goal at the annual sessio which was scheduled to take place at Calcutta during that year.
The Quit India Movement memorial is one of the reminders of the contribution by multiple heroes from Payyanur to the fight for freedom from the British.
This small town had done a lot for the national movement. Uppu Satyagraha (Salt Satyagraha) of 1930, Quit India Movement, Khadi Propagation are some of the activities that brought Payyanur to the national arena. Because of its immense contribution to the Independence Movement Payyanur was called as “Second Bardoli”.
The freedom movement of Payyanur got a new vigor and energy from the agitation for boycotting Simon Commission. The KPCC conference of 1928 held at Payyanur, presided by Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru, opened a new chapter in the history of the Independence movement.
KPCC Conference Of 1928
The KPCC meeting held at Vadakara on 15th April 1928 took a decision to conduct the 4th Kerala State Conference of the Congress Party at Payyanur from 25th April to 27th April 1928. This conference in which Jawaharlal Nehru had presided was a turning point in our Independence struggle as well as it started a new chapter in the history of Payyanur. The decision to announce “Poorna Swaraj” or the complete freedom as the ultimate aim of Congress was first taken in this historic conference and was later adopted by the AICC.
The organizing committee was formed which had Neeleswaram Raja as its president ,for the successful conduction of the conference. C.H Govindan Nambiar was responsible for the arrangements. The venue for the conference was the open ground near the present Govt. Hospital. The various functions held during the three-day conference were as follows:
25th April: Khadi Exhibition, Agriculture Exhibition, North Kerala Nayar Samajam
(presided by Changanachery Parameswaran Pillai) and the Literary Session which was presided by Mahakavi Vallathol.
26th April: Flag hoisting by Mannath Padmanabhan, Social Reformation Session, the Political Session presided by Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru and the Kerala Arya Samajam.
27th April: Continuation of the Political Session and the Youth Conference presided by Dr. Varadarajalu Naidu.
It is to be noted specially that the Mathrubhumi daily called upon the people of Kerala to participate in the Payyanur Conference , along with all their family members and relatives ,through its patriotic editorials. Many resolutions were passed in this conference on various aspects like social, political and economical. But the call for the “Poorna Swaraj” or the complete freedom was the major among these resolutions. The conference passed revolutionary resolutions on the land reforms by proclaiming that the agricultural land is of the worker who cultivates and not of the land lord. The conference also requested the AICC to give Kerala a separate state status when the independent Government is formed.